General statement about the economic viability of agrivoltaics can hardly be made due to the diversity of its application.
The investment costs of agrivoltaic-systems tend to be higher than those of ground-mounted PV systems. This is mainly due to the more complex substructure, the use of special modules and the soil-conserving installation. Operating costs, on the other hand, can decrease because lease costs are shared and land maintenance is taken care of by the farmer.
Agri-PV systems are economically particularly suitable in areas of agriculture where there are high costs for protection devices, which can be replaced by an agrivoltaic-system.